The Digital Twin is a powerful technology, demonstrating its potential to accomplish digitization and replication of complex system across a variety of domains in agriculture. However, it’s key role in enabling sustainability in agriculture is often absence in research. Nevertheless, the goals of the Digital Twin and Sustainability are heavily interlinked, both in terms of resource, economical, and production optimization, with the concept supporting the development of new and sustainable methods of agricultural production. If these benefits are to be fully leveraged, potential negative technical and social-ecological effects of the technology must be incorporated into design requirements at an early stage. Therefore, the DiLaAg consortium has developed a high-level road-map, outlining key milestones necessary to manage systemic dependencies and lay the foundations for sustainable digitization development in agriculture. These milestones can be summarised as follows:
3.1 Milestone One:
The realization a robust set of design guidelines and standards will need to be established, guaranteeing the alignment of goals and functionality. These design principles should not only support the rapid development of DTs in novel applications through the incorporation of FAIR design principles but aim 2 to support the integration and evaluation of experimental technologies in an open and equitable way.
3.2 Milestone Two:
The development and assessment of methodological protocols, key performance metrics, and domain specific benchmarks to ensure comparability of Digital Twins in evaluation scenarios.
3.3 Milestone Three:
The development and availability of pre-validated, modularised and standalone (i.e., single use-case) goal standard Digital Twins.
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